Biomechanical Study in Polyurethane Mandibles of Different Metal Plates and Internal Fixation Techniques, Employed in Mandibular Angle Fractures

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Semeghini Guastaldi, Fernando Pozzi [UNESP]
Vieira, Eduardo Hochuli [UNESP]
Guastaldi, Antonio Carlos [UNESP]

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Lippincott Williams & Wilkins


The aim of this study was to perform a physicochemical and morphological characterization and compare the mechanical behavior of an experimental Ti-Mo alloy to the analogous metallic Ti-based fixation system, for mandibular angle fractures. Twenty-eight polyurethane mandibles were uniformly sectioned on the left angle. These were divided into 4 groups: group Eng 1P, one 2.0-mm plate and 4 screws 6 mm long; group Eng 2P, two 2.0-mm plates, the first fixed with 4 screws 6 mm long and the second with 4 screws 12 mm long. The same groups were created for the Ti-15Mo alloy. Each group was subjected to linear vertical loading at the first molar on the plated side in a mechanical testing unit. Means and standard deviations were compared with respect to statistical significance using ANOVA. The chemical composition of the Ti-15Mo alloy was close to the nominal value. The mapping of Mo and Ti showed a homogeneous distribution. SEM of the screw revealed machining debris. For the plates, only the cpTi plate undergoes a surface treatment. The metallographic analysis reveals granular microstructure, from the thermomechanical trials. A statistically significant difference was found (P < 0.05) when the comparison between both internal fixation techniques was performed. The 2P technique showed better mechanical behavior than 1P.



Mandible, fracture fixation, internal, bone plates, titanium, molybdenum

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Journal Of Craniofacial Surgery. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 25, n. 6, p. 2246-2250, 2014.