Zinc does not inhibit prolactin secretion during insulin-induced hypoglycemia in normal men

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2006-03-01

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Zinc (Zn ++) has been shown as an important physiological inhibitor of pituitary PRL release, and Zn ++ and PRL could be involved in a negative feedback regulatory loop. However, this inhibitory effect has not been detected in humans with regard to thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH), dopamine (DA) and histamine (HA) neurotransmitters. In order to investigate this topic, Zn ++ was acutely and chronically administered to five healthy men to observe the probable inhibitory effect on PRL release during insulin-induced hypoglycemia. The positive PRL response to hypoglycemia has generally been considered to be mediated via the hypothalamus by adrenergic, serotoninergic, histaminergic, opioid-peptidergic and TRH neurotransmitters. The results showed that Zn ++ was not able to inhibit the PRL release during insulin-induced hypoglycemia. Under these conditions, Zn ++ does not block hypothalamic neurotransmitters stimulated by hypoglycemia, thus excluding its clinical application in human beings. On the other hand, the effect of acute stress, such as hypoglycemia, on the serum Zn ++ profile was not observed. ©2006 Dustri-Verlag Dr. K. Feistle.

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Healthy men, Insulin hypoglycemia, Prolactin release, Zinc supplementation, adrenalin, dopamine, histamine, insulin, opiate peptide, prolactin, protirelin, serotonin, zinc, zinc sulfate, adrenergic transmission, adult, controlled study, human, human experiment, hypoglycemia, hypophysis, male, negative feedback, neurotransmission, normal human, priority journal, prolactin release, serotoninergic nerve, stress

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Trace Elements and Electrolytes, v. 23, n. 1, p. 50-54, 2006.