Irrigation management in pruned coffee tree crop

Resumo

It was evaluated the effect of irrigation management on the production characteristics of coffee cultivar Acaiá MG-1474, planted in spacing of 3.00 m x 0.60 m, pruned in 2004, and irrigated by drip since the planting, in 1997. The experimental designed used was of randomized blocks with five treatments and four replications. The treatments consisted of irrigation management strategies, applying or not applying controlled moisture deficit in layer of 0 to 0.4m, in dry seasons of the year: A = no irrigation (control), B = irrigation during all year considering the factor of water availability in the soil (f) equal to 0.75, C = irrigation during all year considering f = 0.25, D = irrigation during all year, but in January / February / March / July / October / November / December with f = 0.25 and April / May / June / August / September with f = 0.75, E = irrigation only during April / May / June / August / September with f = 0.25. From July / 2005 to June / 2007 the applied water depth was defined based on Class A pan evaporation (ECA) and the period from July/2007 to June/2008 based on readings of matric potential of soil obtained from Watermark® sensors. Each plot consisted of three rows with ten plants per row, considering as useful plot five plants of center line. The results indicated that the E irrigation management was the most suitable for technical reasons.

Descrição

Palavras-chave

Coffea arabica L, Coffee plantation, Drip irrigation, Productivity

Como citar

Engenharia Agricola, v. 33, n. 1, p. 55-63, 2013.