Poole-Frenkel effect in amorphous poly(p-phenylene sulfide)

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The conductivity of poly(p-phenylene sulfide) (PPS) amorphous samples sandwiched between metallic electrodes has been studied as a function of applied voltage, temperature, and electrode material. The voltage (U) dependence of the currents for electric fields within the range 103-106 V/cm exhibits exp βU1/2 behavior with β = βSchottky below the glass transition temperature (Tg ≅ 90°C), and β = βPoole-Frenkel above Tg. Coordinated temperature measurements of dc currents with different metallic contacts and thermally stimulated currents (TSC) indicate, however, that the conductivity at T < Tg is consistent with the so-called anomalous Poole-Frenkel effect rather than the Schottky effect. Consequently, the p-type conductivity in amorphous PPS is proposed to be a bulk-limited process due to ionization of two different types of acceptor centers in the presence of neutral hole traps. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.



Electrical conductivity of poly(p-phenylene sulfide), Poly(p-phenylene sulfide), Poole-Frenkel effect

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Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, v. 34, n. 4, p. 623-629, 1996.