A Brazilian multicentre study evaluating pregnancies induced by cabergoline in patients harboring prolactinomas

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2020-04-01

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Objective: To evaluate the maternal–fetal outcomes of CAB-induced pregnancies in patients with prolactinoma in a large cohort. Methods: The prevalence of tumor growth, miscarriage, preterm, low birth weight, congenital malformations and impairment in neuropsychological development in children among women treated with CAB were assessed in a Brazilian multicentre retrospective observational study, Results: We included 194 women with a mean age of 31 (17–45) years, 43.6% presenting microadenomas and 56.4% macroadenomas, at prolactinoma diagnosis. In 233 pregnancies, CAB was withdrawn in 89%, after pregnancy confirmation. Symptoms related to tumor growth occurred in 25 cases, more frequently in macroadenomas. The overall miscarriage rate was 11%, although higher in the subgroup of patients with CAB maintainance after pregnancy confirmation (38% vs. 7.5%). Amongst the live-birth deliveries, preterm occurred in 12%, low birth weight in 6% and congenital malformations in 4.3%. Neuropsychological development impairment was reported in 7% of cases. Conclusions: Our findings confirm previous results of safety in maternal and fetal outcomes in CAB-induced pregnancies; nevertheless, CAB maintenance after pregnancy confirmation was associated with higher miscarriage rate; result that must be further confirmed.

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Cabergoline, Dopamine agonist, Malformation, Miscarriage, Pregnancy, Prolactinoma

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Pituitary, v. 23, n. 2, p. 120-128, 2020.