AMMONIUM AND NITRATE IN SOIL AND RATOON SUGARCANE GROWN IN FUNCTION OF NITROGEN ON OXISOL

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2013-01-01

Autores

do Vale, Diego Wyllyam
Prado, Renato de Mello [UNESP]
Cantarella, Heitor
Fonseca, Ivana Machado [UNESP]
Avalhães, Cintia Carla
Correia, Marcus André Ribeiro [UNESP]
Barbosa, e Mateus Palazzo [UNESP]

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After harvest, sugarcane residues left on the soil surface can alter nitrogen (N) dynamics in the plant-soil system. In Oxisols, the nitrogen fertilizer applied had its effects on the levels of ammonium and nitrate in the soil, N concentration in the plant leaves, and on the growth and productivity of second ratoon plants. The N rates tested were of 0, 60, 120, 180, and 240 kg ha-1. Each treatment was replicated four times. Four months after the experiment was started, ammonium and nitrate concentration in the soil, N levels in plant leaves, and plant growth were evaluated. Productivity was evaluated 11 months after the experiment was set. By increasing the content of mineral N in soil, plant growth variables reflected differences in the production of stems; however, it did not affect foliar N. The use of leaf analysis was not important to assess the nutritional status of nitrogen in the ratoon sugarcane. Nitrogen concentration in soil was affected by nitrogen fertilization, but not the N content in leaves. The rate of 138 kg N ha-1enabled greater production of sugarcane stalks (140 t ha-1). © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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growth, mineral nutrition, nitrogen fertilizer, production, Saccharum ssp, Saccharum

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Journal of Plant Nutrition, v. 36, n. 2, p. 201-213, 2013.