Plant species identification using color learning resources, shape, texture, through machine learning and artificial neural networks

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Data

2020-12-01

Autores

Bambil, Deborah
Pistori, Hemerson
Bao, Francielli [UNESP]
Weber, Vanessa
Alves, Flávio Macedo
Gonçalves, Eduardo Gomes
de Alencar Figueiredo, Lúcio Flávio
Abreu, Urbano G. P.
Arruda, Rafael
Bortolotto, Ieda Maria

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Resumo

Morphological characteristics are still the most used tools for the identification of plant species. In this context, leaves are the most available plant organ used, given their perenniality and diversity. Computer-based image analysis help extract morphological features for botanical identification and maybe a solution to taxonomic problems requiring extensively trained specialists that use visual identification as the primary method for this approach. In this study, were collected 40 leaves from 30 trees and shrub species from 19 different families. Here, we compared two popular image capture devices: a scanner and a mobile phone. Features analyzed comprised color, shape, and texture. The performance of both devices was compared through three machine learning algorithms (adaptive boosting—AdaBoost, random forest, support vector machine—SVM) and an artificial neural network model (deep learning). Computer vision showed to be efficient in the identification of species (higher than 93%), with similar results obtained for both mobile phones and scanners. The algorithms SVM, random forest and deep learning performed more efficiently than AdaBoost. Based on the results, we present the Inovtaxon Plant Species Identification Software, available at https://github.com/DeborahBambil/Inovtaxon.

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Computer vision, Deep learning, Inovtaxon, Machine learning, Morphology, Neural networks, Taxonomy

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Environment Systems and Decisions, v. 40, n. 4, p. 480-484, 2020.

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