Time in the stair-climbing test as a predictor of thoracotomy postoperative complications

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Ambrozin, Alexandre Ricardo Pepe [UNESP]
Cataneo, Daniele Cristina [UNESP]
Arruda, Karine Aparecida [UNESP]
Cataneo, Antonio José Maria [UNESP]
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Objectives: The stair-climbing test as measured in meters or number of steps has been proposed to predict the risk of postoperative complications. The study objective was to determine whether the stair-climbing time can predict the risk of postoperative complications. Methods: Patients aged more than 18 years with a recommendation of thoracotomy for lung resection were included in the study. Spirometry was performed according to the criteria by the American Thoracic Society. The stair-climbing test was performed on shaded stairs with a total of 12.16 m in height, and the stair-climbing time in seconds elapsed during the climb of the total height was measured. The accuracy test was applied to obtain stair-climbing time predictive values, and the receiver operating characteristic curve was calculated. Variables were tested for association with postoperative cardiopulmonary complications using the Student t test for independent populations, the Mann-Whitney test, and the chi-square or Fisher exact test. Logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: Ninety-eight patients were evaluated. Of these, 27 showed postoperative complications. Differences were found between the groups for age and attributes obtained from the stair-climbing test. The cutoff point for stair-climbing time obtained from the receiver operating characteristic curve was 37.5 seconds. No differences were found between the groups for forced expiratory volume in 1 second. In the logistic regression, stair-climbing time was the only variable associated with postoperative complications, suggesting that the risk of postoperative complications increases with increased stair-climbing time. Conclusions: The only variable showing association with complications, according to multivariate analysis, was stair-climbing time. © 2013 by The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.
adult, exercise test, female, Fisher exact test, forced expiratory volume, human, logistic regression analysis, lung resection, major clinical study, male, postoperative complication, predictive value, priority journal, rank sum test, receiver operating characteristic, spirometry, stair climbing test, Student t test, thoracotomy, time, Exercise Test, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Postoperative Complications, Predictive Value of Tests, Thoracotomy, Time Factors
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Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, v. 145, n. 4, p. 1093-1097, 2013.