Cervical ventral slot in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). piezosurgery versus conventional technique

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Data

2021-01-01

Autores

Roscamp, Marcelo [UNESP]
Hataka, Alessandre [UNESP]
Zambon, Frederico Carlini
Ferreira, Danyelle Rayssa Cintra [UNESP]
Minto, Bruno Watanabe [UNESP]
Dias, Luis Gustavo Gosuen Gonçalves [UNESP]

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Resumo

Purpose: To investigate the applicability of piezosurgery for cervical ventral slot (CVS), comparing it with the conventional technique of using high-speed burs for bone wear. Methods: Thirty rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were divided into two treatment groups (T1 and T2) corresponding to CVS between C3-C4. In T1, the surgery was performed with piezoelectric apparatus, and in T2 with high-speed burs. The evaluated parameters were: duration of each stage of surgery, temperature variations during CVS, visibility of the surgical field, intra and postoperative complications, and anesthetic monitoring. At 14, 28, and 56 postoperative days, five animals from each treatment group were submitted for histopathological study of the surgical site. Results: Compared with T2, T1 had more precise bone cut, and better visibility of the operative field, although it required longer total surgical time (p = 0.02) and triggered a greater number of intraoperative complications (p < 0.01), microscopic lesions in the spinal cord (p <0.05), and transient neurological deficits in the postoperatively (p < 0.05). Conclusion: It is necessary to perform surgical planning and have several tips of the piezoelectric instrument available for the safe use of the piezoelectric device in neurosurgery.

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Neurosurgery, Piezosurgery, Rabbits, Spinal Cord

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Acta Cirurgica Brasileira, v. 36, n. 6, 2021.