Immunosensors made with layer-by-layer films on chitosan/gold nanoparticle matrices to detect d-dimer as biomarker for venous thromboembolism

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Rodrigues, Valquiria C.
Moraes, Marli L.
Soares, Juliana C.
Soares, Andrey C.
Sanfelice, Rafaela
Deffune, Elenice [UNESP]
Oliveira, Osvaldo N.

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We report on immunosensors to detect D-dimer, a biomarker of venous thromboembolism, which are made with layer-bylayer (LbL) films containing immobilized anti-D-dimer monoclonal antibody alternated with a layer of chitosan/gold nanoparticles (AuNpChi). Detection was due to irreversible adsorption of the antigen D-dimer on its corresponding antibody according to a Langmuir-Freundlich model, thus giving rise to ellipsoidal structures in scanning electron microscopy images whose size and number increased with D-dimer concentration. The chemical groups involved in the adsorption process were inferred from polarization-modulated infrared reflection absorption (PM-IRRAS) through changes in the amide and carbonyl bands. Detection of D-dimer was made with electrical impedance spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The latter was the most sensitive with a detection limit of 9 × 10-4 μg/mL, sensitivity of 0.27 × 10-6A/μgmL-1 with linear increase from 0 to 1 μg/mL. The selectivity of the immunosensor made with AuNpChi/anti-Ddimer film was verified by noting negligible changes in the cyclic voltammograms when exposed to typical interferents in biological fluids.



D-dimer, Immunosensor, Layer-by-layer (LbL) film

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Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, v. 91, n. 6, p. 891-896, 2018.