Production of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus and freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii stocked at different densities in polyculture systems in Brazil

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Dos Santos, Marcel J.M. [UNESP]
Valenti, Wagner Cotroni [UNESP]

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The effect of stocking prawns Macrobrachium rosenbergii at increasing densities in ponds with Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus reared at low density was evaluated. Twelve 0.01-ha earthen ponds were stocked with 1 tilapia/m2 and 0, 2, 4, or 6 post-larvae prawn/m2. Three replicates were randomly assigned to each prawn density. Postlarval prawns were stocked a week prior to tilapia juveniles and both were harvested 175 d after the beginning of the experiment. Tilapia final average weight, survival, production, and food conversion rates did not differ significantly among treatments (P > 0.05); the averages were 531 g. 67%, 3,673 kg/ha, and 1.91, respectively. Prawn survival rates did not differ for the three stocking densities (mean 90%). However, final weight and production were significantly different (P < 0.05) as follows: 34.0, 23.0, and 14.7 g and 639, 909, and 818 kg/ha, respectively for 2, 4, and 6 prawns/m2 densities. Stocking densities up to 6 prawn/m2 did not affect tilapia production and required neither additional feeding nor significant changes in management. The polyculture system allowed an increase in total production with the same amount of supplied feed, thus improving the system sustainability.



fish culture, growth rate, polyculture, prawn culture, stocking density, yield, Brazil, Decapoda (Crustacea), Macrobrachium, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, Oreochromis, Oreochromis niloticus, Tilapia

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Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, v. 33, n. 3, p. 369-376, 2002.