Global Chaotic Parameters of Heart Rate Variability During Mental Task

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Fontes, Anne M. G. [UNESP]
Garner, David M.
De Abreu, Luiz Carlos
Barbosa, Juliana C. [UNESP]
De Assis, Elisangela Vilar
De Souza, Ana Cecilia A.
Porto, Andrey A. [UNESP]
Valenti, Vitor E. [UNESP]

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We aimed to evaluate the novel chaotic global techniques of heart rate variability (HRV) analysis during a specific autonomic test, the mental arithmetic overload test. These are spectral detrended fluctuation analysis and spectral multi-taper method; in addition to spectral entropy. We analyzed 24 healthy male students-all nonsmokers, aged between 18 and 22 years old. HRV was analyzed in the following periods: control protocol-the 10-min periods before the performance of the task and the 5-min periods during the performance of the test. Following tests for normality; Kruskal-Wallis technique and principal component analysis-it was decided that this type ofmental stimulation did not lead to significant changes in any of the seven combinations of chaotic globals. In conclusion, it was suggested that the time-series be increased to 1000 RR intervals (at least 20 min of electrocardiographic data) and standard nonlinear methods be introduced in combination with spectral factors as a way of increasing the statistical significance. (C) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.



cardiovascular system, autonomic nervous system, mental stimulation, chaos

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Complexity. London: Wiley-hindawi, v. 21, n. 5, p. 300-307, 2016.