Greenhouse crisphead lettuce grown with mulching and under different soil water tensions
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Geisenhoff, Luciano O.
Pereira, Geraldo M.
De Lima, Joaquim A.
Da Silva, Andre L. Pereira [UNESP]
De Aviz, William L. Carrera
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Proper irrigation management is important both to enable adequate water supply and to minimize problems with diseases, nutrient leaching and unnecessary water and power wastes. Thus, this study aimed at improving irrigation management in greenhouses. For that reason, we assessed the effect of various water tensions on yield performance of crisphead lettuce, Raider-Plus cv., grown with mulching. The experiment was conducted in greenhouse at the Federal University of Lavras. Treatments constituted five different soil water tensions, namely 12, 25, 35, 45, and 70 kPa. The results showed that irrigation must be carried out at water soil tension of around 12 kPa to reach satisfying commercial values for both total and commercial yield, 66 and 50 t ha-1, as well as keeping good vegetable quality. At this tension, total water consumption was of 167.25 mm. The water use efficiency demonstrated quadratic response to treatments, with high water consumption efficiency found in intermediate treatments (35 and 45 kPa), achieving values of 579.87 and 471.71 kg ha-1mm-1, respectively.
Irrigation management, Lactuta sativa, Protected environment, Soil covering
Engenharia Agricola, v. 36, n. 1, p. 46-54, 2016.