Characterization of the Genetic Variability of a Sugarcane Commercial Cross Through Yield Components and Quality Parameters

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Mancini, M. C.
Leite, D. C. [UNESP]
Perecin, D. [UNESP]
Bidóia, M. A P
Xavier, M. A.
Landell, M. G A
Pinto, L. R.

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The phenotypic characterization as well as the knowledge of the correlation among traits, is the first step to quantify the potential of a cross for further QTL (quantitative trait loci) detection. The present work aimed to evaluate the yield components and quality parameters variability of a mapping population derived from a bi-parental cross between IACSP95-3018 and IACSP93-3046 at plant cane and ratoon cane as well as to estimate the heritabilities and pair-wise correlation among the traits evaluated. The progeny clones differed significantly for the traits measures indicating the existence of significant amount of variability among them as also as the presence of transgressive clones. Broad-sense heritabilities values were generally high for stalk diameter, stalk weight, stalk height, Brix and Pol%Cane in plant cane and ratoon cane. Tones of sugarcane per hectare (TCH) were significantly correlated with stalk weight and stalk number in both years. Regarding to all the yield components, stalk number together with stalk weight were the most important components in the determination of TCH. While fiber and Pol%Cane were negative correlated showing that they are inversely correlated traits. © 2012 Society for Sugar Research & Promotion.



Correlation between traits, Heritabilities, Plant breeding, Segregation analysis

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Sugar Tech, v. 14, n. 2, p. 119-125, 2012.