Inequivalence of correlation-based measures of non-Markovianity
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Neto, Alaor Cervati [UNESP]
Karpat, Göktuǧ [UNESP]
Fanchini, Felipe Fernandes [UNESP]
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We conclusively show that the entanglement- and the mutual-information-based measures of quantum non-Markovianity are inequivalent. To this aim, we first analytically solve the optimization problem in the definition of the entanglement-based measure for a two-level system. We demonstrate that the optimal initial bipartite state of the open system and the ancillary is always given by one of the Bell states for any one-qubit dynamics. On top of this result, we present an explicit example dynamics where memory effects emerge according to the mutual-information-based measure, even though the time evolution remains memoryless with respect to the entanglement-based measure. Finally, we explain this disagreement between the two measures in terms of the information dynamics of the open system, exploring the accessible and inaccessible parts of information.
Physical Review A, v. 94, n. 3, 2016.