Oxidative dtress status and placental implications in diabetic rats undergoing swimming exercise after embryonic implantation

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2015-05-01

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Sage Publications Inc

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The potential benefits and risks of physical exercise on fetal development during pregnancy remain unclear. The aim was to analyze maternal oxidative stress status and the placental morphometry to relate to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) from diabetic female rats submitted to swimming program after embryonic implantation. Pregnant Wistar rats were distributed into 4 groups (11 animals/group): controlnondiabetic sedentary rats, control exercisednondiabetic exercised rats, diabeticdiabetic sedentary rats, and diabetic exerciseddiabetic exercised rats. A swimming program was used as an exercise model. At the end of pregnancy, the maternal oxidative stress status, placental morphology, and fetal weight were analyzed. The swimming program was not efficient to reduce the hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress. This fact impaired placental development, resulting in altered blood flow and energy reserves, which contributed to a deficient exchange of nutrients and oxygen for the fetal development, leading to IUGR.

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Inglês

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Reproductive Sciences. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc, v. 22, n. 5, p. 602-608, 2015.

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