Long-term surface hardness and monomer conversion of a nonofilled and a microhybrid composite resin

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Ferreira Jassé, Fernanda
Borges, Carlos Henrique Braga
Tonetto, Mateus Rodrigues
Rastelli, Alessandra Nara de Souza
Bagnato, Vanderlei Salvador
Campos, Edson Alves
Santos, Reidson Stanley Soares
Bandeca, Matheus Coêlho
Saad, José Roberto Cury [UNESP]
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Objective: This study aims to evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) and hydrolytic degradation through the Vickers hardness test (HV) of a nanofilled (Filtek™ Z-250, 3M) and a microhybrid (Filtek™Supreme-XT, 3M) composite resin. Materials and methods: Eight disk-shaped specimens (4 mm diameter × 2 mm thick, ISO 4049) of each material were prepared for each test. Composites were inserted into single increment in a metallic matrix and light-cured for 40 seconds. VH readings were performed for each specimen at predetermined intervals: immediately after polymerization (control), 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 21, 30 and 180 days. After curing, initial hardness measurements were performed and the specimens were immersed in artificial saliva at 37°C. For DC (%), specimens were ground, pressed with KBr and analyzed by FT-IR spectrophotometer. Results: Student t-test showed that there was no difference between the resins for DC (p = 0.252). ANOVA analysis revealed that Z-250 VH means were all greater than S-XT, for both top and bottom surfaces, whatever the storage-period in artificial saliva (p < 0.001). After 180 days of storage, the hardness obtained for S-XT was similar with that at the baseline, for both top and bottom surfaces. While for Z-250 hardness was not significantly different from baseline only for top surface, but there was a significant decrease observed in hardness for bottom surface. Conclusion: The materials tested showed no evidence of hydrolytic degradation in a significant way, in a 6-month storagetime in artificial saliva. Nanofilled resin presents a monomer conversion comparable to the conventional microhybrid.
Composite resins, Hardness tests, Artificial saliva, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
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The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, v. 14, n. 5, p. 876-882, 2013.