Quantification of 5-FU in skin samples for the development of new delivery systems for topical cancer treatment

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2018-01-01

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Petrilli, R.
Eloy, J. O. [UNESP]
Paschoal, J. A.R.
Lopez, R. F.V.

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5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is used for the topical treatment of pre-cancerous skin lesions. However, previous reports focus on 5-FU quantification in plasma samples, failing to provide information about drug quantification in the skin. Therefore, the aim of this work was to develop a simple and reliable analytical method employing HPLC-UV for 5-FU quantification in skin samples. Chromatographic separation was obtained using the commonly available Lichrospher RP-C18 endcapped column. Porcine ear skin matrix-based analytical curves with thymine, as internal standard, were used. 5-FU was eluted at 5.2 min and thymine at 13.0 min. The method was selective, precise and accurate in the linear range from 0.3 to 6 μg/mL. The samples were stable after three cycles of freeze/thawing and extraction efficiency rates above 95% were obtained. In vitro skin penetration studies of an aqueous solution and a commercial cream of 5-FU were performed. The cream improved 5-FU retention into the skin and permeation through the skin compared to the solution. Therefore, the method developed herein can be applied to the study of formulations for topical delivery of 5-FU.

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Pharmazie, v. 73, n. 3, p. 133-138, 2018.

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