Silicon in broiler drinking water promotes bone development in broiler chickens

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Sgavioli, S.
De Faria Domingues, C. H. [UNESP]
Castiblanco, D. M. C. [UNESP]
Praes, M. F. F. M. [UNESP]
Andrade-garcia, Giuliana M. [UNESP]
Santos, E. T. [UNESP]
Baraldi-Artoni, S. M. [UNESP]
Garcia, R. G.
Junqueira, O. M.
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Taylor & Francis Ltd
Skeletal abnormalities, bone deformities and fractures cause significant losses in broiler production during both rearing and processing. Silicon is an essential mineral for bone and connective tissue synthesis and for calcium absorption during the early stages of bone formation.Performance was not affected by the addition of silicon. However, broilers receiving silicon showed a significant increase of phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese and ash in the tibia.In conclusion, broiler performance was not impaired by adding the tested silicon product to the drinking water. In addition, bone development improved, as demonstrated by higher mineral and ash content.Further studies are required to determine the optimal concentration of silicon, including heat stress simulations, to better understand the effects of silicon on bone development.
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British Poultry Science. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 57, n. 5, p. 693-698, 2016.