Musical auditory stimulation at different intensities and its effects on the geometric indices of heart-rate variability

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Amaral, Joice A. T. do [UNESP]
Guida, Heraldo Lorena [UNESP]
Nogueira, Marcela Leme [UNESP]
Roque, Adriano L.
Abreu, Luiz Carlos de
Raimundo, Rodrigo D.
Ferreira, Celso
Valenti, Vitor Engrácia [UNESP]

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Introduction: Previous studies have shown that relaxation music increases the heart's parasympathetic modulation as well as reducing its sympathetic activity. However, what is lacking in the literature is information on the acute effects of different intensities of music on cardiac autonomic regulation. We aimed to evaluate the acute effects of baroque and heavy-metal music on cardiac autonomic regulation at different intensities. Method The study was performed in 16 healthy men aged between 18 and 25 years. The main outcomes were the geometric indices of heart-rate variability (HRV) [i.e. triangular index (RRtri); triangular interpolation of RR intervals (TINN) and Poincaré plot: SD1, SD2 and SD1/SD2 ratio]. First, HRV was recorded at rest for 10 min. The volunteers were then exposed to baroque or heavy-metal music for 5 min through an earphone; subjects were exposed to each song at three different sound levels (60–70, 70–80 and 80–90 decibels). After the first song, subjects remained at rest for 5 min before being exposed to the next song. The sequence of songs and sound intensity were randomised for each individual. Results Musical auditory stimulation with baroque music did not influence the geometric indices of HRV. The same was observed with heavy-metal musical auditory stimulation at the three sound-level ranges. Conclusion Musical auditory stimulation at different sound intensities did not influence the geometric indices of HRV in men.



audição, música, sistema cardiovascular

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Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, v. 19, n. 3, p. 132-139, 2014.