Toxicity of two effluents from agricultural activity: Comparing the genotoxicity of sugar cane and orange vinasse


Vinasse, produced by several countries as a by-product of agricultural activity, has different alternatives for its reuse, mainly fertirrigation. Several monocultures, such as sugar cane and orange crops, produce this effluent. Sugar cane vinasse is already widely used in fertirrigation and orange vinasse has potential for this intention. However, its use as a fertilizer has caused great concern. Thus, ecotoxicological evaluation is extremely important in order to assess the possible effects on the environment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the potential toxicity of vinasse of two different crops: sugar cane and orange. For this purpose, bioassays with Allium cepa as a test organism were performed with two vinasse dilutions (2.5% and 5%) to detect chromosomal aberrations and micronucleus induction. The results showed that both types of vinasse are able to induce chromosomal aberrations in meristematic cells, mainly nuclear and anaphasic bridges, suggesting genotoxic potential. The induction of micronuclei in cells of the F1 region suggests that the two residues have mutagenic potential. Thus, caution is advised when applying these effluents in the environment.



Citrus stillage, Fertirrigation, Micronucleus, Mutagenicity, Sugar cane stillage

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Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, v. 142, p. 216-221.