Oral Exfoliative Cytology for the Diagnosis of Paracoccidioidomycosis in a Patient with Human Immunodeficiency Virus A Case Report

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Guimaraes Cabral, Luiz Antonio [UNESP]
Lima, Celina Faig [UNESP]
Coutinho de Oliveira, Maria Lucia [UNESP]
Aigotti, Adriana [UNESP]
Brandao, Haberbeck [UNESP]
Almeida, Janete Dias [UNESP]
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Sci Printers & Publ Inc
BackgroundParacoccidioidomycosis is not the most common fungal disease in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), except for endemic regions in Latin America countriesCaseA 33-year-old man with HIV presented with mulberry-like lesions on the palate The diagnosis was made by exfoliative cytology and Papanicolaou staining Microscopic analysis revealed fungal structures with birefringent walls and exosporulation conferring an airplane radial motor appearance, or even bowel-like or goblet-like forms compatible with Paracoccidioides brasiliensisConclusionThis process spares the immunosuppressed patient from under going invasive biopsy procedures (Acta Cytol 2010,54 1127-1129)
cytodiagnosis, human immunodeficiency virus, mouth, mycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis
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Acta Cytologica. St Louis: Sci Printers & Publ Inc, v. 54, n. 6, p. 1127-1129, 2010.