The Influence of Chemical Activation on Tooth Bleaching Using 10% Carbamide Peroxide

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Batista, G. R. [UNESP]
Barcellos, D. C. [UNESP]
Torres, C. R. G. [UNESP]
Goto, E. H. [UNESP]
Pucci, C. R. [UNESP]
Borges, Alessandra Buhler [UNESP]

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Operative Dentistry Inc


The aim of this study was to assess the influence of manganese gluconate, a chemical activator of bleaching agents, at a concentration of 0.01% on the efficiency of a 10% carbamide peroxide-based bleaching agent. Forty bovine incisors were immersed in a 25% instant coffee solution for seven days and randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 was the control group and consisted of 10% carbamide peroxide-based bleaching gel only. Group 2 consisted of 10% carbamide peroxide-based bleaching gel and 0.01% manganese gluconate. Three readings of color were taken using the Vita Easy-shade spectrophotometer: the initial reading, a reading at seven days, and a reading at 14 days. Total color variation was calculated by Delta E*Lab. Data were submitted to the statistical t-test (5%), which showed that after seven days group 2 had a significant increase in the degree of tooth bleaching compared with group 1. The mean values (+/-SD) were 16.33 (+/-3.95) for group 1 and 19.29 (+/-4.97) for group 2. However, the results for group 1 and group 2 were similar after 14 days. Adding 0.01% manganese gluconate to 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching gel increased the degree of tooth bleaching after a seven-day treatment and did not influence the resulting shade after 14 days.



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Operative Dentistry. Indianapolis: Operative Dentistry Inc, v. 36, n. 2, p. 162-168, 2011.