The Joint Application of Phosphorus and Ammonium Enhances Soybean Root Growth and P Uptake

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Data

2022-06-01

Autores

Rosolem, Ciro Antonio [UNESP]
Batista, Thiago Barbosa [UNESP]
Dias, Patrícia Pereira [UNESP]
da Motta Neto, Laudelino Vieira [UNESP]
Calonego, Juliano Carlos [UNESP]

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It has been shown that the joint application of phosphorus (P) and ammonium (N-NH+4) increases maize root proliferation and P acquisition by maize in alkaline soils, but this has not been shown in acidic soils for legumes. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to assess the effect of the joint application of P and NH4+ on soybean root growth and P acquisition. Soybean was grown in glass-walled pots without P, with monoammonium phosphate (MAP) and triple super phosphate (TSP) applied on the soil surface or localized. The soil P increased irrespective of the P source and localization. The rhizosphere pH was decreased by MAP, while the soil bulk pH was not affected. The TSP increased the root length by 55% and MAP by 76% over the control, and the number of root tips increased by 21% with TSP, 58% with MAP applied on the soil surface, and 78% with MAP localized. The soybean dry matter, N and P uptake, and P use efficiency were increased by P fertilization, mainly with MAP localized. The joint application of P and ammonium decreases the soybean rhizosphere pH, which results in root proliferation early in the cycle, and eventually in higher P uptake and use efficiency.

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Glycine max, phosphate fertilizer, phosphorus acquisition, root architecture

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Agriculture (Switzerland), v. 12, n. 6, 2022.