Acúmulo de biomassa em variedades de cana-de-açúcar inoculadas com diferentes estirpes de bactérias diazotróficas

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Pereira, Willian
Leite, José Marcos
Hipólito, Guilherme de Souza
dos Santos, Carlos Leandro Rodrigues [UNESP]
Reis, Veronica Massena

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of inoculation with diazotrophs, applied both individually and in combination, in commercial varieties of sugarcane. The experiment was carried out at the experimental grounds of Embrapa Agrobiologia, in Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The experimental design was of randomised blocks, with sub-divided plots and six replications. Six varieties of sugarcane with six treatments were used: control, control with nitrogen, inoculation of the individual strains: BR 11512, BR 11724 and BR 11411, in addition to inoculation with a cocktail consisting of five strains of diazotrophs. Differences were observed between varieties and between treatments, and an interaction observed between the treatments and varieties. For all the parameters evaluated, no response was observed in the sugarcane varieties RB855536 and RB92606. In the variety RB918639, the only difference was in the accumulation of green biomass. No difference was observed between the treatments for total nitrogen accumulation. The most responsive variety to inoculation was RB867515, differing in the accumulation of fresh and dry biomass. This study showed that inoculation promotes the accumulation of biomass, the contribution being different for the varieties and strains of bacteria, suggesting an interaction between the factors studied. The variety RB867515 is promising for use in studies of inoculation with diazotrophs.



Plant growth, Plant-inoculation, Sugarcane, Bacteria (microorganisms)

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Revista Ciencia Agronomica, v. 44, n. 2, p. 363-370, 2013.