Interferon-gamma production by human neutrophils upon stimulation by IL-12, IL-15 and IL-18 and challenge with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
MetadataShow full item record
Paracoccidiodomycosis is a systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb), which is endemic in Latin America. The host innate immune response against the fungus has been well characterized and several studies have shown the important role played by phagocytic cells. Our laboratory has studied the relationship between human neutrophils (PMNs)/Pb, focusing the effector mechanisms of these cells against the fungus. However, in last years, studies have shown that in addition to their phagocytic and killer functions, PMNs can modulate and instruct the immune response, since these cells have been shown to produce and release several cytokines. Thus, we evaluated whether PMNs stimulated with Pb can modulate the immune response to a Th1 phenotype through the production of IFN-gamma, as well as the role of "pattern-recognition receptors" (PRRs) such as TLR2, TLR4 and Dectin-1 in this production. Furthermore, we asked whether activation of the cells with the cytokines IL-12, IL-15 and 1L-18 could result in increased levels of this cytokine. Peripheral blood PMNs obtained from 20 healthy donors were nonactivated or activated with IL-12, IL-15 or IL-18 in different concentrations and challenged with strain 18 Pb (Pb18) for 2 h, 4 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h and evaluated for IFN-gamma production, by ELISA. In other experiments, PMNs were treated with monoclonal antibodies anti-TLR2, TLR4 and Dectin-1, challenged with Pb and evaluated for IFN-gamma production. We found that Pb induces human PMNs to produce IFN-gamma, probably by binding to TLR4 and Dectin-1 receptors expressed by these cells. Moreover, IFN-gamma levels were significantly increased when cells were activated with each of the tested cytokines or a combination of two of them, being the association IL-12 plus IL-15 the most effective. The results support our hypothesis that during infection by Pb, human PMNs modulate the adaptive immune response to a Th1 response pattern, via IFN-gamma production. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to cite this document
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Gazola, Rodrigo José Cristiano ; Mazotti, Adriano César ; Molero, Camila Schimite ; Mendes, Carolina Borghi ; Mello, Denise Fernandes de ; Marques, Emilia de Mendonça Rosa ; Talamoni, Jandira Liria Biscalquini ; Silva, José Humberto Dias da et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Pontes, Sueli Rodrigues ; Almeida, Djanira Soares de Oliveira e ; Godoy, Kathya Maria Ayres de ; Rosa, Claudia de Souza ; Nunes, Julianus Araújo ; Salvador, Sérgio Azevedo ; David, Célia Maria ; Vilche Peña, Angel Fidel et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Spazziani, Maria de Lourdes ; Mendonça, Sueli Guadelupe de Lima ; Rubo, Elisabete Aparecida Andrello ; Villarreal, Dalva Maria de Oliveira ; Duarte, Camila ; Okamoto, Mary Yoko ; Souza, Thais R. ; Garms, Gilza Maria Zauhy ; Marin, Fátima Aparecida Dias Gomes et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2012) [Livro]