INFLUENCE OF THE VENEER-FRAMEWORK INTERFACE ON THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF CERAMIC VENEERS: A NONLINEAR FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS
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Statement of problem. The chipping of ceramic veneers is a common problem for zirconia-based restorations and is due to the weak interface between both structures.Purpose. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanical behavior of ceramic veneers on zirconia and metal frameworks under 2 different bond-integrity conditions.Material and methods. The groups were created to simulate framework-veneer bond integrity with the crowns partially debonded (frictional coefficient, 0.3) or completely bonded as follows: crown with a silver-palladium framework cemented onto a natural tooth, ceramic crown with a zirconia framework cemented onto a natural tooth, crown with a silver-palladium framework cemented onto a Morse taper implant, and ceramic crown with a zirconia framework cemented onto a Morse taper implant. The test loads were 49 N applied to the palatal surface at 45 degrees to the long axis of the crown and 25.5 N applied perpendicular to the incisal edge of the crown. The maximum principal stress, shear stress, and deformation values were calculated for the ceramic veneer; and the von Mises stress was determined for the framework.Results. Veneers with partial debonding to the framework (frictional coefficient, 0.3) had greater stress concentrations in all structures compared with the completely bonded veneers. The metal ceramic crowns experienced lower stress values than ceramic crowns in models that simulate a perfect bond between the ceramic and the framework. Frameworks cemented to a tooth exhibited greater stress values than frameworks cemented to implants, regardless of the material used.Conclusion. Incomplete bonding between the ceramic veneer and the prosthetic framework affects the mechanical performance of the ceramic veneer, which makes it susceptible to failure, independent of the framework material or complete crown support.