In vitro antifungal susceptibility of candida albicans isolates from patients with chronic periodontitis and diabetes
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Alterations that lead to deficiency of the immune system, such as diabetes mellitus, may promote proliferation of Candida albicans and selection of strains which have greater ability to adhere and to penetrate the host tissues. Recent studies indicate an increase of the antifungal resistance of C. albicans isolates in periodontal pockets, suggesting that the oral cavity could be a reservoir of resistant yeast to antifungal agents. Moreover, oral cavity can act as a reservoir of certain pathogens that may cause systemic infections. The periodontal pocket is an ecological niche suitable to host microorganisms that could act as opportunistic pathogens. The aim of this study is to contribute to the understanding of resistance to conventional antifungal against C. albicans isolates from patients with periodontitis and diabetes. The determination of the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) was evaluated according to M27S3 of the CLSI (2008), with modifications. The results showed that 48.8% of the studied strains were resistant to one or more antifungals and 6.6% were resistant to fluconazole and voriconazole. These results suggest an increasing resistance to conventional antifungal agents among Candida species, suggesting that the oral cavity could host pathogen fungi.