Hypotensive and vasorelaxing effects of the new NO-donor [Ru(terpy)(bdq)NO+](3+) in spontaneously hypertensive rats
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Drugs that release nitric oxide (NO) usually have limitations due to their harmful effects. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) induces a rapid hypotension that leads to reflex tachycardia, which could be an undesirable effect in patients with heart disease, a common feature of hypertension. The nitrosyl ruthenium complex [Ru(terpy)(bdq)NO+](3+) (TERPY) is a NO donor that is less potent than SNP in denuded aortic rings. This study evaluated the hypotension and vasorelaxation induced by this NO donor in Wistar (W) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and compared to the results obtained with SNP. Differently from the hypotension induced by SNP, the action of TERPY was slow, long lasting and it did not lead to reflex tachycardia in both groups. The hypotension induced by the NO-donors was more potent in SHR than in W. TERPY induced relaxation with similar efficacy to SNP, although its potency is lower in both strains. The relaxation induced by TERPY is similar in W and SHR, but SNP is more potent and efficient in SHR. The relaxation induced by TERPY is partially dependent on guanylate cyclase in SHR aorta. The NO released from the NO donors measured with DAF-2 da by confocal microscopy shows that TERPY releases similar amounts of NO in W and SHR, while SNP releases more NO in SHR aortic rings. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.