Reparo ósseo peri-implantar em tíbias de ratos espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR) tratados com losartan: análise biomecânica, molecular, microtomográfica, dinâmica óssea por fluorocromos, imunoistoquímica e histológica
Título alternativoPeri-implant bone healing in the tibia of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) treated with losartan: a biomechanical, molecular, microtomography, bone dynamics by fluorochromes, immunohistochemical and histological analysis
Data de publicação2018-02-09
Pós-graduaçãoOdontologia - FOA
Direito de acesso
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Background: Hypertension is associated with cardiovascular diseases but also with alterations in bone quality. Hypertension therefore might be a risk factor for osseointegration. Preclinical studies suggest that losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker widely used to treat hypertension, has a beneficial effect in graft consolidation. However, the effect of hypertension and losartan on osseointegration remains unknown. Methods: Here we used spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar albinus rats receiving losartan (30 mg/kg, p.o.) or left untreated. After one week, titanium miniscrews were inserted into the tibia. Sixty days after implantation, implant stability was evaluated by removal torque measurement considered the primary endpoint. Micro computed tomography and histomorphometric analysis were secondary endpoints. Results: Losartan increased the removal torque in the hypertensive SHR group to levels of the Wistar controls. While the cortical parameters of osseointegration remained unchanged, losartan increased medullary bone formation. Micro computed tomography revealed a higher bone volume per tissue volume and trabecular thickness in the SHR rats treated with losartan. Histomorphometric analysis further showed that losartan significantly increased the thickness of newly formed bone in medullary area in hypertensive SHR rats. Losartan did not significantly alter the parameters of osseointegration in normotensive rats. Conclusions: The data presented suggest that the angiotensin II receptor antagonist losartan increases the medullary parameters of osseointegration in a tibia model of spontaneously hypertensive rats.