Universal behavior of the convergence to the stationary state for a tangent bifurcation in the logistic map
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The scaling formalism is applied to understand and describe the evolution towards the equilibrium at and near at a tangent bifurcation in the logistic map. At the bifurcation the convergence to the steady state is described by a homogeneous function leading to a set of critical exponents. Near the bifurcation the convergence is rather exponential whose relaxation time is given by a power law. We use two different approaches to obtain the critical exponents: (1) a phenomenological investigation based on three scaling hypotheses leading to a scaling law relating three critical exponents and; (2) an approximation that transforms the recurrence equations in a differential equation which is solved under appropriate conditions given analytically the scaling exponents. The numerical results give support for the theoretical approach.