Revisiting the genetic variability of Brazilian peridomestic populations of the Chagas disease vector Triatoma sordida (Stål 1859) (Hemiptera, Triatominae)
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Triatoma sordida is an endemic species to South America, currently considered the species most frequently found in the peridomestic environment in Brazil. This triatomine has a wide ecological tolerability that allows it to inhabit several ecotopes and use different food sources. Although the species is considered predominantly peridomestic, it is also capable of colonizing households and forming numerous intra-household colonies, leading to its inclusion among the priorities for triatomine control campaigns in Brazil. All Brazilian populations of T. sordida are considered as T. sordida sensu stricto by chromosomal analyses (which highlights their epidemiological importance), although molecular studies that characterize the genetic diversity of these populations are scarce, being restricted only to the region of Minas Gerais. Thus, several populations of this vector distributed in the states of Bahia, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, and Minas Gerais were analyzed using mitochondrial markers (cyt b and nd1). Low nucleotide diversity, high haplotypic diversity, low genetic distance, and high FST value were observed, as well as the formation of a monophyletic clade of the Brazilian populations of T. sordida, which confirms that this species has low genetic variability, with all specimens in Brazil grouped in T. sordida sensu stricto. In addition to the genetic and evolutionary importance for the knowledge of the biology of these vectors, these results are important from an epidemiological point of view, thus being able to direct vector control programs.
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