Assessing the surface roughness of a posterior resin composite: Effect of surface sealing
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This study assessed the in vitro influence of surface sealing on the surface roughness of a posterior resin composite before and after toothbrushing. Thirty specimens (13 mm diameter x 1 mm high) were fabricated from Filtek-P60 resin composite and randomly assigned to three groups (n=10): a non-sealed control and two groups sealed with one of the tested materials - a surface-penetrating sealant (Protect-it!-PI) and a one bottle adhesive system (Single Bond-SB). The samples were subjected to a surface roughness reading to determine the initial roughness, then submitted to simulated toothbrushing with 35,600 cycles for 100 minutes. Specimens were then cleaned and a post-abrasion surface roughness reading accomplished. Means (μm), recorded before (B) and after (A) toothbrushing, and standard deviations were: Control - (B): 0.032 (±0.005), (A): 0.054 (±0.005); PI - (B): 0.034 (±0.005), (A): 0.060 (±0.034); SB (B): 0.031 (±0.004), (A): 0.047 (±0.007). Data were tabulated and submitted to two-way ANOVA. No statistically significant difference was observed when the control and experimental groups were compared. However, a significant difference (p<0.05) was found between the measurements performed before and after toothbrushing. Based on these results, it may be concluded that using either a surface penetrating sealant or a one bottle adhesive system did not provide the optimization of superficial integrity. The use of a dentifrice and toothbrush resulted in significant alterations to the surface smoothness of the resin composite.