Razões para substituição de restaurações em clínica integrada
Alternative titleReasons for replacing restorations in the integrated clinic
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Objective: To analyze the reasons for replacing amalgam and composite resin restorations of patients treated at the Integrated Clinic Discipline of the Dental School of Araçatuba (UNESP), SP, Brazil. Method: After examining the patients for data collection to obtain a diagnosis, the treatment plan was outlined using a clinical form containing the restorations to be replaced, the reasons for replacing, the restorative material of choice and the number of restored surfaces. Next, all restorations indicated for replacement were examined as to their real need of replacement by 5 calibrated examiners taking into account the theorical concepts on the proposed criteria for the need of replacing or not. The analyzed period comprised 5 years (2001 to 2005). The criteria adopted for replacement were attached to the data collecting form in order to standardize the analysis of the restorations. Results: 856 patients were treated within the studied period and 753 needed restoration replacement. The main reasons for replacing amalgam restorations were defective marginal adaptation (40.9%), recurent caries (24.1%) and deficient anatomical form (15.4%). The main reasons for replacing resin restorations were esthetics (31.4%), defective marginal adaptation (29.2%) and recurent caries (20.7%). Conclusion: In spite of the little clinical experience of the studied population (undergraduate students), the reasons for replacing restorations were in accordance with the literature, having estehtics as the main reason for the replacement of composite resin restorations and defective marginal adaptation for amalgam restorations.
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