Depression and somatization in patients with temporomandibular disorders in a population-based cross-sectional study in Southern Brazil

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2019-01-01

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Rehm, Daniela D.S.
Progiante, Patrícia S.
Pattussi, Marcos P.
Pellizzer, Eduardo P. [UNESP]
Grossi, Patrícia K.
Grossi, Márcio L.

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Purpose: To assess the prevalence of depression and somatization in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in a Brazilian population-based cross-sectional survey. Materials and Methods: A total of 1,643 subjects were assessed for TMD using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders Axes I and II and were assessed for depression and somatization using the Graded Chronic Pain Scale. The data were cross-tabulated for comparison between TMD subjects and controls. Results: TMD subjects had significantly worse depression and somatization levels than controls in the RDC/TMD Axis II. The levels were also worse in most Axis I TMD groups (muscle disorders and arthralgia/osteoarthritis/osteoarthrosis). Conclusion: TMD subjects had worse depression and somatization, particularly in diagnostic groups with higher pain/disability levels.

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International Journal of Prosthodontics, v. 32, n. 3, p. 248-250, 2019.