Sulfur modulates yield and storage proteins in soybean grains

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Ibanez, Thiago Bergamini [UNESP]
Melo Santos, Luiz Felipe de [UNESP]
Lapaz, Allan de Marcos [UNESP]
Ribeiro, Igor Virgilio [UNESP]
Ribeiro, Filipe Virgilio [UNESP]
Reis, Andre Rodrigues dos [UNESP]
Moreira, Adonis
Heinrichs, Reges [UNESP]

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Univ Sao Paolo


This study evaluated the nutritional quality, yield, and storage protein modulation in soybean grains in response to levels and sources of sulfur (S) in a dystrophic Ultisol. We used five levels of S (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mg kg(-1)) and four sources of S (elemental S pastille-ESPA, gypsum - GY, gypsite - GI and elemental S powder - ESPO). Plants treated with 50 mg kg(-1) of GY, GI, and ESPO and 200 mg kg(-1) of ESPA had the largest grain yield values. Low S supply resulted in lower yields for all S sources tested. Sulfur deficiencies were observed at all levels for ESPA, resulting in lower concentrations of globulin and higher concentration of glutelin and albumin in the grains, possibly because the S content in the leaf was below the range adequate for soybean, leading to in lower yield values. In general, the application of S sources (GY, GI, and ESPO) increased all protein fractions. The results show that proper application of S is essential to optimize soybean yield and increase storage proteins in the grains. The granulometry of ESPA and ESPO fertilizers was a key factor for the availability of S to soybean plants. This study presents relevant information on S fertilization of soybeans, which could provide better grain nutritional quality and increased storage proteins with benefits to animal health.



Glycine max, plant nutrition, elemental sulfur, sulfate

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Scientia Agricola. Cerquera Cesar: Univ Sao Paolo, v. 78, n. 1, 9 p., 2021.