Sulfur modulates yield and storage proteins in soybean grains

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Data

2021-01-01

Autores

Ibanez, Thiago Bergamini [UNESP]
Melo Santos, Luiz Felipe de [UNESP]
Lapaz, Allan de Marcos [UNESP]
Ribeiro, Igor Virgilio [UNESP]
Ribeiro, Filipe Virgilio [UNESP]
Reis, Andre Rodrigues dos [UNESP]
Moreira, Adonis
Heinrichs, Reges [UNESP]

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Título de Volume

Editor

Univ Sao Paolo

Resumo

This study evaluated the nutritional quality, yield, and storage protein modulation in soybean grains in response to levels and sources of sulfur (S) in a dystrophic Ultisol. We used five levels of S (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mg kg(-1)) and four sources of S (elemental S pastille-ESPA, gypsum - GY, gypsite - GI and elemental S powder - ESPO). Plants treated with 50 mg kg(-1) of GY, GI, and ESPO and 200 mg kg(-1) of ESPA had the largest grain yield values. Low S supply resulted in lower yields for all S sources tested. Sulfur deficiencies were observed at all levels for ESPA, resulting in lower concentrations of globulin and higher concentration of glutelin and albumin in the grains, possibly because the S content in the leaf was below the range adequate for soybean, leading to in lower yield values. In general, the application of S sources (GY, GI, and ESPO) increased all protein fractions. The results show that proper application of S is essential to optimize soybean yield and increase storage proteins in the grains. The granulometry of ESPA and ESPO fertilizers was a key factor for the availability of S to soybean plants. This study presents relevant information on S fertilization of soybeans, which could provide better grain nutritional quality and increased storage proteins with benefits to animal health.

Descrição

Palavras-chave

Glycine max, plant nutrition, elemental sulfur, sulfate

Como citar

Scientia Agricola. Cerquera Cesar: Univ Sao Paolo, v. 78, n. 1, 9 p., 2021.