Imidazoline receptors of the paraventricular nucleus on the pressor response induced by stimulation of the subfornical organ

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1998-02-01

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Elsevier B.V.

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In the present experiments we investigated a possible involvement of imidazoline receptors of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus on the presser effects of the angiotensin LI (ANG II) injected into the subfornical organ (SFO), in male Holtzman rats (250-300 g) with a cannula implanted into the third ventricle (3rdV), PVN and SFO. At first we tested the participation of alpha(2) and imidazoline agonist and antagonist compounds on the presser effect of ANG II injected into the 3rdV. Based on the results we may conclude that clonidine associated with rilmenidine was able to block the hypertensive response to ANG IT. The ANG II (20 pmol) injected into SFO induced a robust increase in blood pressure (37 +/- 2 mmHg). Isotonic saline (0.15 M) NaCl did not produce any change in blood pressure (5 +/- 2 mmHg). The injection of rilmenidine (30 mu g/kg/l mu L), an imidazoline agonist agent injected into PVN before ANG II injection into SFO, blocked the presser effect of ANG II (5 +/- 2 mmHg). Also, the injection of idazoxan (60 mu g/kg/mu L) before rilmenidine blocked the inhibitory effect of rilmenidine on blood pressure (39 +/- 4 mmHg). The injection of clonidine (20 nmol/mu L) prior to ANG II into the 3rdV produced a decreased in arterial blood pressure (37 +/- 2 mmHg) to (15 +/- 4 mmHg). The injection of yohimbine (80 nmol/mu L) prior to clonidine blocked the effect of clonidine on the effect of ANG II (27 +/- 2 mmHg). The injection of rilmenidine prior to ANG TI also induced a decrease in arterial blood pressure (10 +/- 3 mmHg). The injection of idazoxan prior to rilmenidine also blocked the inhibitory effect of rilmenidine (24 +/- 3 mmHg). In summary, the present study demonstrated that rilmenidine decreases the hypertensive effect of ANG II, with more potency than clonidine, even when injected into 3rdV or PVN. This study established that the PVN interacts with SFO by imidazoline receptors in order to control the arterial blood pressure. (C) Elsevier, Paris.

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Journal of Physiology-paris. Paris Cedex 15: Editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier, v. 92, n. 1, p. 25-30, 1998.

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