Polyphenol oxidase from sweet potato: Purification and properties

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Lourenco, E. J.
Neves, Valdir Augusto [UNESP]
Dasilva, M. A.

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Amer Chemical Soc


Polyphenol oxidase (PPO, EC extracted from sweet potato root [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] was purified 189-fold by precipitation with ammonium sulfate and elution from columns of Sephadex G-25, DEAE-cellulose, and Sephadex G-100. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified preparation revealed that PPO was highly purified by the procedure adopted. The purified enzyme had an estimated molecular weight of 96 000 and Km values of 26, 8, 5, and 96 mM for 4-methylcatechol, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, and catechol, respectively. The optimum pH varies from about 4.0 to 6.5, depending on the substrate. PPO activity was inhibited by p-coumaric and cinnamic acids, sodium metabisulfite, dithioerythritol, ascorbic acid, L-lysine, D-phenylalanine, L-methionine, glycine, L-isoleucine, and L-glutamine. Heat inactivation between 60 and 80 °C was biphasic. Sucrose, (NH4)2SO4, NaCl, and KCl appeared to be protective agents of sweet potato PPO against thermal denaturation. © 1992 American Chemical Society.



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Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, v. 40, n. 12, p. 2369-2373, 1992.