Spontaneous canine transmissible venereal tumor: Association between different phenotypes and the insertion LINE-1/c-myc


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the LINE-1 transposon inserted in c-myc gene as a specific genetic alteration in cells of spontaneous canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor (TVT) with either lymphocytoid or plasmacytoid phenotypes. Methods: Tumoral biopsies from 35 dogs were collected by puncture or exfoliation. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was carried out with primers myc.s and LINE. A, specific to the LINE-1 segment to detect the presence of LINE-1/c-myc molecular marker. Results: Sequence alignment of DNA samples from lymphocytoid and plasmacytoid TVT cells did not show polymorphisms, and the comparison with sequences from the GenBank identified them as a LINE-1/c-myc rearrangement. Conclusions: Considering the aggressive nature of the plasmacytoid phenotype, there is no apparent relation between LINE-1/c-myc and the malignancy of TVT. Further studies are needed to establish molecular differences associated with the aggressiveness of the various phenotypes of canine TVT.



Dogs, Oncogenes, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Transposition elements

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Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias, v. 25, n. 3, p. 402-408, 2012.