Cytotoxicity and Biomineralization Potential of Flavonoids Incorporated into PNVCL Hydrogels

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Braga, Gabriela Pacheco de Almeida [UNESP]
Caiaffa, Karina Sampaio [UNESP]
Rabelo, Rafaela Laruzo [UNESP]
Santos, Vanessa Rodrigues dos [UNESP]
Souza, Amanda Caselato Andolfatto [UNESP]
Ribeiro, Lucas da Silva
Camargo, Emerson Rodrigues de
Prakki, Anuradha
Duque, Cristiane [UNESP]

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This study aimed to evaluate the effects of flavonoids incorporated into poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (PNVCL) hydrogel on cell viability and mineralization markers of odontoblast-like cells. MDPC-23 cells were exposed to ampelopsin (AMP), isoquercitrin (ISO), rutin (RUT) and control calcium hydroxide (CH) for evaluation of cell viability, total protein (TP) production, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralized nodule deposition by colorimetric assays. Based on an initial screening, AMP and CH were loaded into PNVCL hydrogels and had their cytotoxicity and effect on mineralization markers determined. Cell viability was above 70% when MDPC-23 cells were treated with AMP, ISO and RUT. AMP showed the highest ALP activity and mineralized nodule deposition. Extracts of PNVCL+AMP and PNVCL+CH in culture medium (at the dilutions of 1/16 and 1/32) did not affect cell viability and stimulated ALP activity and mineralized nodules’ deposition, which were statistically higher than the control in osteogenic medium. In conclusion, AMP and AMP-loaded PNVCL hydrogels were cytocompatible and able to induce bio-mineralization markers in odontoblast-cells.



alkaline phosphatase, cytotoxicity, dentin mineralization, flavonoids, hydrogel, odontoblasts

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Journal of Functional Biomaterials, v. 14, n. 3, 2023.