Learning curve for the laparoscopy-guided kidney biopsy procedure in small corpses of dogs and pigs

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2021-09-01

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Maia, Suellen Rodrigues [UNESP]
Mendes, Pamela Almerinda
da Câmara Barros, Felipe Farias Pereira
Ayer, Ilan Munhoz
Ramos, Salvador Boccaletti
Vacari, Alessandra Marieeli
Lucera, Tiago Machado Carneiro
Murakami, Vanessa Yurika
de Carvalho, Leonardo Lamarca
Bernardino, Pedro Negri

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The use of renal biopsy through laparoscopy is increasingly present both in human and veterinary medicine. However, both techniques require skill and training to make the operator capable to do it. The learning curve allows the quantitative and qualitative assessment of the number of attempts and minimum time for the surgical procedure. The objective included establish the learning curve for laparoscopy-guided kidney biopsy procedures in dog and pig corpses. Six dogs and six pigs corpses weighing less than 10 kg were used for this study. All corpses underwent kidney biopsy performed through laparoscopy. Twenty-four operators, two per animal, performed 20 renal biopsies each (10 for each kidney), with 480 collection-procedures in total. Duration and difficulty of the procedure and the biopsy sample quality were evaluated and statistical analysis was performed using a mixed regression model with a random effect of individuals and multivariate analysis of data. There were 91.5% of the samples that were adequate for evaluation. There was no significant difference in the number of glomeruli or cortex percentage considering the attempts in either species, demonstrating the operator’s ability since first collection. Swine samples showed higher amounts of renal cortex than canine samples. The procedure duration was shorter as more attempts were performed in dogs and pigs. From the fourth repetition, the professional reached a plateau for the variable related to ‘collection’, and from the second, the professional presented uniform duration for ‘sample storage’. Operators of the swine model acquired more agility than the dog ones. The variable ‘difficulty’ decreased as more repetitions were performed, reaching a plateau in the sixth attempt. Seven renal biopsies laparoscopy-guided are required for an operator to be considered ‘capable’ to perform the procedure in the referred species included. The learning curve for image-guided kidney biopsy procedures improves the implementation of this technique and benefits patients that undergo this procedure.

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PLoS ONE, v. 16, n. 9 September 2021, 2021.