Detection of SPM and IMP metallo-beta-lactamases in clinical specimens of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from a Brazilian public tertiary hospital

Resumo

Phenotypic and genotypic SPM and IMP metallo-beta-lactamases (MBL) detection and also the determination of minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) to imipenem, meropenem and ceftazidime were evaluated in 47 multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from clinical specimens. Polymerase chain reaction detected 14 positive samples to either bla(SPM) or bla(IMP) genes, while the best phenotypic assay (ceftazidime substrate and mercaptopropionic acid inhibitor) detected 13 of these samples. Imipenem, meropenem and ceftazidime MICs were higher for MBL positive compared to MBL negative isolates. We describe here the SPM and IMP MBL findings in clinical specimens of P. aeruginosa from the University Hospital of Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil, that reinforce local studies showing the high spreading of bla(SPM) and bla(IMP) genes among Brazilian clinical isolates.

Descrição

Palavras-chave

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, drug resistance, bacterial, carbapenems, metalloproteins, polymerase chain reaction

Como citar

Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases. Salvador: Contexto, v. 15, n. 5, p. 478-481, 2011.