Effect of resistance training on bioelectrical phase angle in older adults: a systematic review with Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

dc.contributor.authorCampa, Francesco
dc.contributor.authorColognesi, Lucas Antonio [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorMoro, Tatiana
dc.contributor.authorPaoli, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorCasolo, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Leandro
dc.contributor.authorCorreia, Rafael Ribeiro [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorLemes, Ítalo Ribeiro [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorMilanez, Vinícius Flávio
dc.contributor.authorChristofaro, Diego Destro [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorCyrino, Edilson Serpeloni
dc.contributor.authorGobbo, Luís Alberto [UNESP]
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Padua
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL)
dc.contributor.institutionUNOESTE
dc.date.accessioned2023-03-01T21:04:03Z
dc.date.available2023-03-01T21:04:03Z
dc.date.issued2022-01-01
dc.description.abstractResistance training has been proposed as a valid practice to counteract the aging effect on body mass and its components, which can be easily evaluated though the bioelectrical impedance analysis. This study aimed to achieve a systematic review with meta-analysis on the impact of resistance training on bioelectrical proprieties in older adults. A literature review was done in four electronic databases up to 1 January 2022. The inclusion criteria were: (i) participants aged ≥ 60 years; (ii) resistance training lasted ≥ 8 weeks; (iii) measurement of raw bioelectrical parameters in randomized controlled study designs. The outcomes of the trial had to be bioelectrical phase angle (PhA), resistance (R), and reactance (Xc). The methodological quality was assessed using the Rosendal scale. Overall, seven studies with a total of 344 participants were eligible for the analysis. The quality assessment yielded a score of 71.3%. Bioelectrical PhA (0.52 degree [95%CI 0.32, 0.71], p < 0.001) and Xc (3.58 ohms [95%CI 1.97, 5.19], p < 0.001) increased, whereas R decreased (-28.50 ohms [95%CI -41.39, -15.60], p < 0.001) after the resistance training programs. In this meta-analysis, resistance training promoted increases of PhA, which result from an increase in Xc concomitant with a reduction in R. According to the bioimpedance vector analysis, resistance-trained people experienced a beneficial leftward vector displacement, whilst inactivity induced a rightward vector displacement within the R-Xc graph. In future, more sophisticated and rigorous studies that address specific criteria, methods and targeted designs are required to identify which equipment and protocols allow for an optimization of the resistance training effects. Registration code in PROSPERO: CRD42020168057.en
dc.description.affiliationDepartment of Biomedical Sciences University of Padua
dc.description.affiliationSkeletal Muscle Assessment Laboratory (LABSIM) Department of Physical Education School of Technology and Sciences São Paulo State University (UNESP), Presidente Prudente, SP
dc.description.affiliationGraduate Program in Physical Therapy School of Technology and Science São Paulo State University (UNESP) Brazil UNESP, SP
dc.description.affiliationMetabolism Nutrition and Exercise Laboratory Physical Education and Sport Center Londrina State University, PR
dc.description.affiliationMulticentric Program of Postgraduate in Physiological Sciences São Paulo State University (UNESP) School of Dentistry of Araçatuba São Paulo Brazil. UNESP, SP
dc.description.affiliationDepartment of Physical Education Oeste Paulista University UNOESTE, SP
dc.description.affiliationUnespSkeletal Muscle Assessment Laboratory (LABSIM) Department of Physical Education School of Technology and Sciences São Paulo State University (UNESP), Presidente Prudente, SP
dc.description.affiliationUnespGraduate Program in Physical Therapy School of Technology and Science São Paulo State University (UNESP) Brazil UNESP, SP
dc.description.affiliationUnespMulticentric Program of Postgraduate in Physiological Sciences São Paulo State University (UNESP) School of Dentistry of Araçatuba São Paulo Brazil. UNESP, SP
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11154-022-09747-4
dc.identifier.citationReviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders.
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11154-022-09747-4
dc.identifier.issn1573-2606
dc.identifier.issn1389-9155
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85135288057
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/241455
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofReviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectAging
dc.subjectBIA
dc.subjectBIVA
dc.subjectBody composition
dc.subjectPhase angle
dc.subjectStrength
dc.titleEffect of resistance training on bioelectrical phase angle in older adults: a systematic review with Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trialsen
dc.typeResenha
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-3028-7802[1]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-7523-5002[2]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0001-7289-6596[3]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0003-0474-4229[4]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-1901-3894[5]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-0371-0396[6]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0003-2731-7043[7]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0001-9245-287X[8]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0002-8121-2616[9]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0001-9917-9992[10]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0001-9016-8779[11]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0003-4700-0000[12]

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