Mapping Mosaic Virus in Sugarcane Based on Hyperspectral Images

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Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc


The aim of this research was to develop a methodology involving aerial surveying using an unmanned aerial system (UAS), processing and analysis of images obtained by a hyperspectral camera, achieving results that enable discrimination and recognition of sugarcane plants infected with mosaic virus. It was necessary to characterize the spectral response of healthy and infected sugarcane plants in order to define the correct mode of operation for the hyperspectral camera, which provides many spectral band options for imaging but limits each image to 25 spectral bands. Spectral measurements of the leaves of infected and healthy sugarcane with a spectroradiometer were used to produce a spectral library. Once the most appropriate spectral bands had been selected, it was possible to configure the camera and carry out aerial surveying. The empirical line approach was adopted to obtain hemispherical conical reflectance factor values with a radiometric block adjustment to produce a mosaic suitable for the analysis. A classification based on spectral information divergence was applied and the results were evaluated by Kappa statistics. Areas of sugarcane infected with mosaic were identified from these hyperspectral images acquired by UAS and the results obtained had a high degree of accuracy.



Phytosanitation, precision agriculture, unmanned aerial system (UAS)

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Ieee Journal Of Selected Topics In Applied Earth Observations And Remote Sensing. Piscataway: Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc, v. 10, n. 2, p. 740-748, 2017.