Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of silver nanoparticle/carboxymethyl cellulose on Allium cepa

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Becaro, Aline A.
Siqueira, Maria Célia
Puti, Fernanda C.
de Moura, Marcia Regina [UNESP]
Correa, Daniel S.
Marconcini, José Manoel
Mattoso, Luiz H. C.
Ferreira, Marcos David

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Several mutagenic agents may be present in substances released in the environment, which may cause serious environmental impacts. Among these substances, there is a special concern regarding the widespread use of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) in several products due to their widely known bactericidal properties, including in the medical field and the food industry (e.g., active packaging). The assessment of the effects of AgNP released in the environment, having different concentrations, sizes, and being associated or not to other types of materials, including polymers, is therefore essential. In this research, the objective was to evaluate the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of AgNP (size range between 2 and 8 nm) on root meristematic cells of Allium cepa (A. cepa). Tests were carried out in the presence of colloidal solution of AgNP and AgNP mixed with carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), using distinct concentrations of AgNP. As a result, when compared to control samples, AgNP induced a mitotic index decrease and an increase of chromosomal aberration number for two studied concentrations. When AgNP was in the presence of CMC, no cytotoxic potential was verified, but only the genotoxic potential for AgNP dispersion having concentration of 12.4 ppm.



Allium cepa, Carboxymethylcellulose, Chromosomal aberration, Mitotic test, Silver nanoparticles

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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 189, n. 7, 2017.