Fragmentos da história da malária em São Paulo

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Due to its great incidence in Brazil, malaria is one of the most important transmissible disease studied in the papers that deal with public health today. Although it is present in the Brazilian history since the colonial period, it has hardly been studied from its historic perspective. The present article intends to give a general view of the disease in Brazil, specially in the state of São Paulo. The research is based on historic papers of health and epidemies not only in Brazil but also in the world, found in the legislative documentation of São Paulo. Until 1930, malaria had spread through the country and the health authorities took no care in stablishing especific campaigns to face the disease. This negligence was mostly due to the fact that the mortality rate of malaria was lesser than variola, yellow fever or the many other endemic or epidemic diseases. Eradication seemed to be close to an end but the social and economic transformations after the 70's brought the disease in a proportion ten times worse.



Malaria, Medicine history, Public health, Brazil, endemic disease, epidemic, history of medicine, incidence, malaria, mortality, review, smallpox, socioeconomics, yellow fever

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Revista de Ciencias Farmaceuticas, v. 24, n. 1, p. 1-5, 2003.