Micellar modification of drug stability: analysis of the effect of hexadecyltrimethylammonium halides on the rate of degradation of cephaclor

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Oliveira, Anselmo Gomes de [UNESP]
Cuccovia, I. M.
Chaimovich, H.

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The intra- and intermolecular rates of degradation of cephaclor were determined with and without hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr). Micellar-derived spectral shifts were used to measure the association of the ionic forms as well as to determine the effect of CTABr on the apparent acid dissociation constant of the antibiotic. The rate of degradation of cephaclor increased with detergent and was salt sensitive. Micellar effects were analyzed quantitatively within the frame-work of the speudophase ion exchange model. All experimental data were fitted to this model which was used to predict the combined effects of pH and detergent concentration. Micelles increased the rate of OH- attack on cephaclor; most of the effect was due to the concentration of reagents in the micellar pseudophase. The intramolecular degradation was catalyzed 25-fold by micelles, and a working hypothesis to rationalize this effect is proposed. The results demonstrate that quantitative analysis can be utilized to assess and predict effects of detergents on drug stability.



cefaclor, cetrimide, detergent, drug degradation, drug stability, hydrolysis, methodology, micelle, ph, priority journal, Ammonium Compounds, Cefaclor, Cephalexin, Cetrimonium Compounds, Chemistry, Pharmaceutical, Detergents, Drug Stability, Hydrolysis, Kinetics, Micelles, Models, Biological, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, v. 79, n. 1, p. 37-42, 1990.