Pharmacognostical evaluation of fruits of Solanum lycocarpum A. St.-Hill. (Solanaceae)

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Araújo, M. G F [UNESP]
Galeane, M. C. [UNESP]
Castro, Ana Doris de [UNESP]
Salgado, Hérida Regina Nunes [UNESP]
Almeida, Adelia Emilia de [UNESP]
Cunha, W. R.
Veneziani, R. C S
Moreira, Raquel Regina Duarte [UNESP]

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This study describes the chemical and physical-chemical profile of plant drug and ethanolic extract obtained from fruits of Solanum lycocarpum A. St.-Hill. (Solanaceae). The physical and chemical analysis involved the granulometry determination, non-compacted apparent density, loss on drying in oven and in infrared scale, pH, ash values and extractive values. The results determined the physical-chemical characteristics of the drug plant. It was also carried out the microbiological control of the plant drug. The preliminary phytochemical screening featured the presence of tannins, flavonoids and saponins in the plant drug and alkaloids and steroids in the ethanolic exctract. The solamargine and solasonine glycoalkaloids were identified through TLC and GC/ MS. The levels of total phenols and tannins were quantified in the extract (8.90% and 6,85% respectively). Such studies contribute to the chemical identification and quality control of S. lycocarpum fruits. © 2010



Pharmacognostical evaluation, Phytochemical screening, Solamargine, Solanum lycocarpum, Solasonine, Total phenolic compounds, alkaloid, alkaloid derivative, anthraquinone derivative, flavonoid, glycoside, phenol derivative, phytosterol, plant extract, plant medicinal product, resin, saponin, saponin derivative, solamargine, Solanum lycocarpum extract, solasonine, tannin derivative, triterpene derivative, unclassified drug, drug identification, drug screening, drug structure, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, microbiological parameters, nonhuman, pH, pharmacognosy, physical chemistry, phytochemistry, quality control, Solanum, spectrophotometry

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Pharmacognosy Journal, v. 2, n. 9, p. 248-253, 2010.